To achieve this development objective, a corresponding growth in commercial energy supplies is a must. And most of this comes from fossil fuels and electricity.
Indias proven coal reserves are likely to last for about 200 years. Its known reserves of oil and natural gas are expected to run out in about another 20 and 30 years, respectively. In light of this, energy conservation assumes crucial significance in order to power Indias development, which ranks fifth in the world in terms of energy consumption. Considering the low incomes of the majority of Indias population, it is difficult to afford energy at a high cost while at the same time misutilization of our natural resources hampers the nations development. In India the household and commercial sectors account for a large share of peak power demand. Indian power system suffers nearly 10-12 % peaking shortage for an hour every evening. Both sectors experience sudden addition to the lighting loads in the evening, which causes power shortage. To meet the load this short duration shortage requires construction of extra capacity of generation, transmission, as well as distribution infrastructure, which is a costly affair.
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency has a programme in place that focuses on energy policy issues for creating energy efficiency improvement in unorganized sectors such as domestic and agriculture through improvement of designed energy efficiencies of consumer appliances and providing this information on a comparative basis in the form of energy labels. The major features of the programme are: Evolve minimum energy consumption programmes for notified equipments; Prohibit manufacture, sale and import of equipment and appliances not confirming to standards; and Introduce energy labeling to enable consumers to make informed choices. Significant progress has been made here by BEE in the standard labeling programme for refrigerators, window air conditioners, distribution air transformers, fluorescent tube lights, electric motors and agriculture pumps sets.
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is moving ahead in implementation of various voluntary and mandatory provisions of the Energy Conservation Act with the support of the stakeholders, and has been successful in taking forward the national movement on improving energy efficiency in all sectors.